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Font Contributors Acknowledgements

The Unicode Consortium currently uses over 250 different fonts to publish the code charts and figures for The Unicode Standard. The overwhelming majority of these fonts are specially tailored for this purpose and have been donated to the Consortium with a restricted license for use in documenting the standard.

The Consortium would like to acknowledge the contributions made since the publication of the first version of the Unicode Standard by numerous font designers and font vendors listed below.

Contributing Font Vendors

Individual Font Contributors

  • Ahom: Stephen Morey
  • Anatolian Hieroglyphs: Michael Everson
  • Ancient Greek number additions: Donald Mastronarde
  • Arabic Extended-A: Lorna Evans, Roozbeh Pournader, Tom Milo
  • Arabic additions: Sarmad Hussain, Kamal Mansour, Lorna Evans, Anshuman Pandey
  • Arabic additions for Arwi: Roozbeh Pournader and Tom Milo
  • Arabic math and symbols: Azzeddine Lazrek
  • Armenian additions: Michael Stone, Michael Everson
  • Archaic Roman additions: David Perry
  • Balinese: Yayasan Bali Simbar, I Made Suatjana, and Jason Glavy
  • Bamum: Michael Everson and Jason Glavy
  • Bassa Vah: Jason Glavy and Michael Everson
  • Bengali additions: Anshuman Pandey
  • Bidi additions: Roozbeh Pournader
  • Bopomofo additions: Andrew West
  • Brahmi: Michael Everson and Andrew Glass
  • Brahmi additions: Andrew Glass
  • Braille: Cora Chang
  • Caucasian Albanian: Michael Everson and Andreas Stötzner
  • Chakma: Hangendra Chakma and Michael Everson
  • Cherokee: Mark Jamra
  • Cherokee additions: Michael Everson
  • CJK compatibility ideographs: Michel Suignard
  • CJK unified ideographs: Ken Lunde
  • Common Indic Number Forms: Anshuman Pandey
  • Combining Diacritical Marks: Everson
  • Combining Diacritical Marks for Caucasian Albanian: Andreas Stötzner
  • Coptic additions and Coptic Epact numbers: Dirk VanDamme, Anshuman Pandey, Michael Everson
  • Cuneiform: Steve Tinney and Michael Everson
  • Cuneiform additions: Michael Everson
  • Cyrillic additions: Ralph Clemison, Alexey Kryukov, Yuri Shardt, Aleksandr Andreev, Michael Everson
  • Cyrillic additions for Orok: Karl Pentzlin and Michael Everson
  • Cyrillic additions for Komi and Ossetian: Michael Everson
  • Cyrillic additions for Khanty and Nenets: Tapani Salminen and Michael Everson
  • Devanagari additions: CDAC Mumbai, Anshuman Pandey
  • Diacritical Marks: Mindaugas Strockis, SIL International, and Vilnius University
  • Half Diacritical Marks: Michael Everson
  • Duployan: Van Anderson
  • Early Dynastic Cuneiform: Michael Everson
  • Egyptian Hieroglyphs: Michael Everson and Bob Richmond
  • Elbasan: Michael Everson
  • Georgian: Anton Dumbadze and Irakli Garibashvili
  • Georgian additions for Ossetian and Abkhaz: Michael Everson
  • Georgian lari currency sign: Michael Everson
  • Glagolitic: Sebastian Kempgen
  • Gothic: Robert Pfeffer
  • Grantha: Elmar Kniprath
  • Grantha additions: Shriramana Sharma and Elmar Kniprath
  • Greek: Yannis Haralambous, James Kass, Raymond Mercier, and David Perry
  • Gujarati addition: Vinodh Rajan, Ansuhman Pandey
  • Gurmukhi additions: Kulbir Thind
  • Hangul Jamo additions: Dae Hyuk Ahn
  • Hatran: Ulrich Seeger and Michael Everson
  • Javanese: Michael Everson and Jason Glavy
  • Kaithi: Anshuman Pandey
  • Kana additions: Nozomu Katō and Japan NB
  • KangXi and CJK radicals: John Jenkins
  • Kharoshthi: Andrew Glass
  • Khojki: Pyarali Jiwa and Anshuman Pandey
  • Khudawadi: Anshuman Pandey
  • Kievan musical symbols: Jopi Harri
  • Lao: Ngakham Southichack
  • Lao additions: SIL
  • Latin Additions: Karl Pentzlin, Andreas Stötzner, Michael Everson, SIL International
  • Latin Extended-D additions: Michael Everson, Lorna Priest
  • Lepcha: Jason Glavy and Ka‘ōnohi Kai
  • Limbu: K. Yarang, J. R. Pandhak, Y. Lawoti, and Y. P. Yakwa
  • Limbu additions: Anshuman Pandey
  • Linear A: George Douros and Michael Everson
  • Lithuanian dialectology: Michael Everson
  • Lisu: David Morse
  • Mahajani: Anshuman Pandey
  • Malayalam additions: Shriramana Sharma
  • Mandaic: Michael Everson and Brian Mubaraki
  • Manichaean: Michael Everson
  • Mathematical and symbol additions: the STI Pub Companies, the STIX Project, and Karl Pentzlin
  • Meetei Mayek extensions: Michael Everson
  • Mende Kikakui: Jason Glavy and Michael Everson
  • Meroitic: Michael Everson and Oliver Cabon
  • Meroitic additions: Michael Everson
  • Meroitic cursive: Michael Everson
  • Miao: David Morse and Michael Everson
  • Miscellaneous Mathematical Symbols-A: Laurentiu Iancu, Murray Sargent
  • Miscellaneous Symbols and Pictographs: Yuri Shardt
  • Modi: Anshuman Pandey
  • Mongolian additions: Andrew West
  • Mro: Riyen, Martin Hosken, and Michael Everson
  • Multani: Anshuman Pandey
  • Myanmar Extended-A: SIL
  • Myanmar Extended-B: SIL and Michael Everson
  • Nabataean: Michael Everson
  • New Tai Lue: Victor Gaultney
  • Nordic currency sign: Andreas Stötzner
  • Old Hungarian: André Szabolcs Szelp and Michael Everson
  • Old Hungarian punctuation: Michael Everson
  • Old North Arabian: Michael Everson
  • Old Permic: Michael Everson
  • Old South Arabian: Sultan Maktari
  • Old Turkic: Michael Everson and Wushour Silamu
  • Oriya additions: Anshuman Pandey
  • Pahawh Hmong: Jason Glavy and Michael Everson
  • Palmyrene: Michael Everson
  • Pau Cin Hau: Anshuman Pandey
  • Phags-pa: Andrew West
  • Philippine scripts: Hector Santos
  • Phonetic additions: Juhani Lehtirant, Peter Martin
  • Playing card additions: Michael Everson
  • Psalter Pahlavi: Michael Everson
  • Punctuation: David Perry
  • Rumi numerals: Jim DeLaHunt, Azzeddine Lazrek
  • Runic: Svante Lagman and Michael Everson
  • Saurashtra: Jeyakumar Chinnakkonda Krishnamoorty and Michael Everson
  • Sharada and Sharada additions: Anshuman Pandey
  • Shorthand Format Controls: Van Anderson
  • Siddham and Siddham additions: Shingon Buddhist International Institute, Lee Collins, Peter Lofting, and Anshuman Pandey
  • Sindhi/Urdu numbers: Sarmad Hussain and Paul Nelson
  • Sinhala additions: Harsha Wijayawardhana
  • Sora Sompeng: Michael Everson
  • Sundanese Supplement: Michael Everson, and “Tim Unicode Aksara Sunda”, and Dian Nugraha
  • Supplemental Punctuation: Van Anderson, Karl Pentzlin, Michael Everson
  • Sutton SignWriting: Michael Everson, Martin Hosken, Stephen Slevinski, Adam Frost and Valerie Sutton
  • Symbol additions: Patrick Andries, Leonid Broukhis, David Faulks, Wallace Hooper, Laurențiu Iancu, Azzeddine Lazrek, Karl Pentzlin, Michel Suignard, India, MIT, and University of Virginia Press
  • Syriac: Yannis Haralambous, Sarmad Hussain, George Kiraz, and Paul Nelson
  • Tai Le: Stephen Morey and Michael Everson
  • Tai Viet: Lo Mai Cương, James Đỗ, and Ngô Trung Việt
  • Takri: Anshuman Pandey
  • Tamil additions: Muthu Nedumara
  • Telegu additions: Shriramana Sharma and K Desikachary
  • Thai: Yannis Haralambous
  • Tibetan additions: Chris Fynn and Andrew West
  • Tifinagh: Patrick Andries
  • Tirhuta: Anshuman Pandey
  • Teuthonista phonetic characters: Michael Everson
  • Turkish lira currency sign: Michael Everson
  • Vai: Jason Glavy and Michael Everson
  • Vedic extensions: Michael Everson, CDAC Mumbai, Sharma
  • Warang Citi: Michael Everson
  • Webdings: Vincent Connare, Sue Lightfoot, Ian Patterson, Geraldine Wade, Michel Suignard
  • Wingdings: Kris Holmes, Charles Bigelow, Michel Suignard
  • Yi: Oliver Corff

Additional Information

The fonts for CJK Extensions A and B were designed by Technical Supervisor Zheng Long and Hua Weicang of Zhong Yi Electronic Co. Yang Song Jin of the Pyongyang Informatics Centre (DPR of Korea) provided the CJK compatibility symbols. The fonts for Extension C were provided by Founder Corporation and CMEX and IMC, DGBAS Executive Yuan. The fonts for Extension D were provided by Founder Corporation.

To publish the multi-column Han charts for Unicode Version 6.0, 33 separate fonts were provided by Adobe Systems, Apple Computer, IBM, Microsoft, and by the following entities on behalf of the respective members of the JTC1/SC2/WG2 Ideographic Rapporteur Group (IRG):

  • China: Founder Corporation and Chinese Electronics Standardization Institute (CESI)
  • Hong Kong SAR: DynaComware and HKSARG
  • Japan: RYOBI Limited
  • Korea (DPRK): PIC
  • Korea (ROK): Seoul System Co
  • Macau SAR: Founder Corporation
  • Taiwan Computing Association: Chinese Foundation for Digitization Technology
  • (CMEX) and IMC, DGBAS Executive Yuan
  • Vietnam: VNPF Nom Na Group

The font used in Appendix F "Documentation of CJK Strokes" was provided by Tom Bishop and Richard Cook using Wenlin Software.

Michael Everson (Evertype) designed many fonts including Arabic additions, Avestan, Canadian Syllabics additions, Batak, Carian, Cham, Elbasan, Imperial Aramaic, Inscriptional Pahlavi, Inscriptional Parthian, Kayah Li, Linear B, Lycian, Lydian, Manichaean, Meetei Mayek and extensions, Nabataean, N'Ko, Ogham, Ol Chiki, Old North Arabian, Old Permic, Old Persian, Osmanya, Palmyrene, Phaistos Disc, Psalter Pahlavi, Rejang, Samaritan, Sora Sompeng, Sundanese and supplement, Tai Tham, and Warang Citi, plus additional symbols, Bopomofo, Devanagari, Malayalam, Myanmar, New Tai Lue, Oriya, Phoenician, Telugu, and Tibetan additions, and Latin, Greek, Coptic, and Cyrillic characters.

John M. Fiscella (Production First Software) designed the fonts for symbols and many of the European alphabetic scripts. Thomas Milo (DecoType) designed the Naskh-style Arabic font. SIL International contributed several fonts designed by Jonathan Kew (Arabic and Devanagari additions), as well as diacritic modifier letters, Cyrillic, Ethiopic, Latin, New Tai Lue, and Tifinagh additions, and Myanmar additions for Khamti Shan and Aiton. Asmus Freytag created many individual glyphs for symbols or special characters. Patrick Andries (Hapax) designed the font for Tifinagh. Tiro Typeworks contributed fonts for letterlike symbols. Apple Computer contributed many symbol fonts among others in addition to CJK fonts and others as well.

Critical comments and work on fonts are due to Barbara Beeton and Patrick Ion (Mathematical Symbols), Dr. Sarmad Hussain (Urdu), Heidi Jenkins, Roozbeh Pournader (Farsi), Dr. Virach Sornlertlamvanich (Thai), and many others.

Michel Suignard worked to acquire and organize the most recent font collection with support from Michael Everson and Rick McGowan, who manages the consortium's font repository. They have further developed the prior collections of fonts assembled by Asmus Freytag and John Jenkins.

More fonts were donated than are used in the most recent version of the character code charts. Some fonts are used for examples and tables in the text of the Standard. Many individuals and organizations provided fonts used during development of the standard, especially for drafts of new character additions.

In case of changes in corporate name or affiliation, the most recently available information is shown, even if it differs from the information at time of font contribution.

This document is continually updated and acknowledges font contributions independently of the corresponding version of the code charts.