CLDR Ticket #6502(accepted data)
North Saami (sme) and South Saami (sma) pluralization rules
|Reported by:||ryan.txanson@…||Owned by:||mark|
It appears that the data existing on the site now has confused the presence of dual in pronominal and verb agreement systems to mean that nouns have a singular, dual and plural number system. This difference is fairly common in languages, rather, that a pronominal system with dual number does not imply a nominal system with dual number-- so, I'd recommend taking a peek at the other languages just to make sure.
In any case, for North and South Saami, in nouns and noun phrases, there are two categories. Both of the languages have several morphologically expressed cases, and there are some agreement rules when the noun phrase occurs in a case other than nominative, which are not relevant here. So, the general rule is:
- one - 1
- other - 0, 2-999, 1.2, etc.
Some examples in North Saami, using the word beana 'dog'. The complement is in nominative case when the number is 1, and genitive case otherwise.
- 1 dog - okta beana
- 2 dogs - guokte beatnaga
- 3 dogs - golbma beatnaga
- 4 dogs - njeallje beatnaga
Some examples for South Saami, using the world bïenje 'dog'. The complement is in nominative singular when the number is 1, and nominative plural when the number is 2. As mentioned above the system is a bit more complex when the NP is in another case (i.e., illative), but this is not relevant here.
- 1 dog - okta bïenje
- 2 dogs - göökte bïenjeh
- 3 dogs - golme bïenjeh
- 4 dogs - njieljie bïenjeh
References: the following links go to relevant grammar articles written for learners of the languages, written in Norwegian.
- Cc erriki, kkarlson@… added
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comment:15 Changed 2 years ago by mark
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