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CLDR Ticket #9939(new data)

Opened 4 months ago

Yup'ik (ypk) Locale Plurals Update Request

Reported by: esomervi@… Owned by: anybody
Component: plurals Data Locale: ypk
Phase: dsub Review:
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Description

I am requesting definition for "zero", "one", and "two" plurals quantities for the Yup'ik locale, "ypk".

This information is available in the Yup'ik Eskimo Dictionary (Jacobson, 2012). This document is available online from the Alaska Native Language Archive at the University of Alaska Fairbanks.
http://www.uaf.edu/anla/collections/search/resultDetail.xml?id=CY972J2012

The Yup'ik language uses three cases in pluralizing nouns: single, dual, and plural. As an example, here are the following cases for the Yup'ik word, dog.

Qimugta - one dog
Qimugtek - two dogs
Qimugtet - three or more dogs

Additionally, Yup'ik noun cases determine possessive parties.

Qimugteka - my dog
Qimugten - your dog
Qimugtaa - his/her/its dog

These noun cases also contain information on the number of possessed nouns, as well as the number in the possessing party.

Qimugteka - my dog
Qimugtenka - the dog belonging to the two of us
Qimugtegken - the dog belonging to the three or more of us
Qimugtepuk - my two dogs
Qimugteput - my three or more dogs
etc.

Similar patterns are found in the Yup'ik verb moods which convey the number of subjects and objects associated with each verb.

taringua - I understand
taringamken - I understand you
taringapuk - The two of us understand the three or more of them

These noun cases and verb moods may be achieved logically by applying two sets of plurals. In noun cases, these two plurals would represent numbers of possessed and numbers of possessor. In verb moods, these plurals would represent the number found in the subject and object parties. The plurals in all usages would need to include single, dual, and three-or-more plural definitions. However, when there are unpossessed nouns and intransitive verbs, Yup'ik would also need a zero case.

Perhaps something along these lines might work:

<plurals name="qimugta, dog"> <!-- number possessed -->
  <item quantity="one">
    <plurals> <!-- number possessing -->
      <item quantity="zero"> <!-- unpossessed -->
        qimugta
      </item>
      <item quantity="one"> <!-- my dog -->
        qimugteka
      </item>
      <item quantity="two"> <!-- our (2) dog -->
        qimugtenka
      </item>
      ...
  <item quantity="two">
    <plurals>
      <item quantity = "zero"> <!-- two unpossessed dogs -->
        qimugtek
      </item>
      <item quantity = "one> <!-- my dogs (2) -->
        qimugtegka
      </item>
      ...

However, this XML is (to my understanding) complete nonsense, so perhaps there could be a workaround.

<plurals name="qimugte"> <!-- how many posessors? Assumes first person, uses root form of word -->
  <item="zero">qimugta</item>
  <item="one">qimugteka</item>
  <item="two">qimugtegka</item>
  <item="other">qimugtenka</item>
</plurals>
<plurals name="qimugta"> <!-- recognized "zero" possessing -->
  <item="one">qimugta</item>
  <item="two">qimugtek</item>
  <item="other">qimugtet</item>
</plurals>
<plurals name="qimugteka"> <!-- recognized "one" possessing -->
  <item="one">qimugteka</item>
  <item="two">qimugtegka</item>
  <item="other">qimugtenka</item>
</plurals>
...

The results from the first <plurals> list provides the key to determine which <plurals> list to access next.

It is for this reason, I am requesting definitions for "zero", "one", and "two" quantities in the Yup'ik (ypk) Locale.

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