Unicode Utilities: Confusables

Properties use ICU for Unicode V11.0; the beta properties support Unicode V12.0β. For more information, see Unicode Utilities Beta.

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Input With this demo, you can supply an Input string and see the combinations that are confusable with it, using data collected by the Unicode consortium. You can also try different restrictions, using characters valid in different approaches to international domain names. For more info, see Data below.
  

Confusable Characters

x × х
007800D704451541157D166E292B292C2A2F
LATIN SMALL LETTER XMULTIPLICATION SIGNCYRILLIC SMALL LETTER HACANADIAN SYLLABICS SAYISI YICANADIAN SYLLABICS HKCANADIAN SYLLABICS FULL STOPRISING DIAGONAL CROSSING FALLING DIAGONALFALLING DIAGONAL CROSSING RISING DIAGONALVECTOR OR CROSS PRODUCT
n ո ռ       
006E0578057C
LATIN SMALL LETTER NARMENIAN SMALL LETTER VOARMENIAN SMALL LETTER RA
- ˗ ۔  
002D02D706D420102012201320432212
HYPHEN-MINUSMODIFIER LETTER MINUS SIGNARABIC FULL STOPHYPHENFIGURE DASHEN DASHHYPHEN BULLETMINUS SIGN
- ˗ ۔  
002D02D706D420102012201320432212
HYPHEN-MINUSMODIFIER LETTER MINUS SIGNARABIC FULL STOPHYPHENFIGURE DASHEN DASHHYPHEN BULLETMINUS SIGN
f ք        
00660584
LATIN SMALL LETTER FARMENIAN SMALL LETTER KEH
a ɑ α а     
0061025103B10430237A
LATIN SMALL LETTER ALATIN SMALL LETTER ALPHAGREEK SMALL LETTER ALPHACYRILLIC SMALL LETTER AAPL FUNCTIONAL SYMBOL ALPHA
- ˗ ۔  
002D02D706D420102012201320432212
HYPHEN-MINUSMODIFIER LETTER MINUS SIGNARABIC FULL STOPHYPHENFIGURE DASHEN DASHHYPHEN BULLETMINUS SIGN
h һ հ      
006804BB057013C2
LATIN SMALL LETTER HCYRILLIC SMALL LETTER SHHAARMENIAN SMALL LETTER HOCHEROKEE LETTER NI
i ı ɩ ɪ ι і  
006901310269026A03B9045613A52373
LATIN SMALL LETTER ILATIN SMALL LETTER DOTLESS ILATIN SMALL LETTER IOTALATIN LETTER SMALL CAPITAL IGREEK SMALL LETTER IOTACYRILLIC SMALL LETTER BYELORUSSIAN-UKRAINIAN ICHEROKEE LETTER VAPL FUNCTIONAL SYMBOL IOTA
a ɑ α а     
0061025103B10430237A
LATIN SMALL LETTER ALATIN SMALL LETTER ALPHAGREEK SMALL LETTER ALPHACYRILLIC SMALL LETTER AAPL FUNCTIONAL SYMBOL ALPHA
. ٠ ۰ ܁ ܂ 𝅭    
002E066006F0070107021D16D
FULL STOPARABIC-INDIC DIGIT ZEROEXTENDED ARABIC-INDIC DIGIT ZEROSYRIAC SUPRALINEAR FULL STOPSYRIAC SUBLINEAR FULL STOPMUSICAL SYMBOL COMBINING AUGMENTATION DOT
d ԁ      
0064050113E7146F
LATIN SMALL LETTER DCYRILLIC SMALL LETTER KOMI DECHEROKEE LETTER TSUCANADIAN SYLLABICS KO
e е ҽ      
0065043504BD212E
LATIN SMALL LETTER ECYRILLIC SMALL LETTER IECYRILLIC SMALL LETTER ABKHASIAN CHEESTIMATED SYMBOL

Total raw values: 2,123,366,400

Too many raw items to process.


Data

Confusable characters are those that may be confused with others (in some common UI fonts), such as the Latin letter "o" and the Greek letter omicron "ο". Fonts make a difference: for example, the Hebrew character "ס" looks confusingly similar to "o" in some fonts (such as Arial Hebrew), but not in others. See also unaccented Latin Characters..

The data for confusables and restrictions is from UTS39. You can suggest additions or changes to the Unicode data for future versions of that standard.

For more information on the use of the data, see proposed updates Unicode Security Mechanisms and Unicode Security Considerations.

The restrictions are purely on a character level. For a more detailed view, see idna.

Caveats

The Unicode data is designed for testing, not enumerating, so not all combinations are generated in this demo; In particular, where a character is confusable with a sequence, not all combinations are generated.



Fonts and Display. If you don't have a good set of Unicode fonts (and modern browser), you may not be able to read some of the characters. Some suggested fonts that you can add for coverage are: Noto Fonts site, Unicode Fonts for Ancient Scripts, Large, multi-script Unicode fonts. See also: Unicode Display Problems.

Version 3.9; ICU version: 63.1; Unicode version: 11.0; Unicodeβ version: 12.0;