Re: Joined "ti" coded as "Ɵ" in PDF

Pierpaolo Bernardi olopierpa at
Thu Mar 17 12:26:56 CDT 2016

That document displays correctly for me using both the pdf viewer
built into chrome and the standalone Acrobat reader v.11.  The problem
could be in your PDF viewer?  What are you viewing the document with?

On Thu, Mar 17, 2016 at 5:43 PM, Don Osborn <dzo at> wrote:
> Odd result when copy/pasting text from a PDF: For some reason "ti" in the
> (English) text of the document at
> is coded as "Ɵ". Looking more closely at the original text, it does appear
> that the glyph is a "ti" ligature (which afaik is not coded as such in
> Unicode).
> Out of curiosity, did a web search on "internaƟonal" and got over 11k hits,
> apparently all PDFs.
> Anyone have any idea what's going on? Am assuming this is not a deliberate
> choice by diverse people creating PDFs and wanting "ti" ligatures for
> stylistic reasons. Note the document linked above is current, so this is not
> (just) an issue with older documents.
> Don Osborn

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