Re: Designing Vietnamese diacritics

From: Doug Ewell (
Date: Sun Nov 17 2002 - 15:53:08 EST

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    Adam Twardoch <list dot adam at twardoch dot com> wrote:

    > I'm looking for reference/guidelines on positioning of Vietnamese
    > diacritics. Any hints?

    The basic guideline is that the acute accent (tone mark) should kern to
    the right of an accompanying circumflex accent, and the grave accent
    (tone mark) should kern to the left of the circumflex. They should not
    simply be placed above the circumflex. Also, the "hook above" tone mark
    should kern to the right of the circumflex.

    Other combinations of accent + tone mark don't generally get in each
    other's way, so they don't pose any special design problems. Letters
    with single diacritics (e.g. a with acute) can be rendered using the
    standard glyphs.

    -Doug Ewell
     Fullerton, California

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